Sunday, July 12, 2009
Pipe Tobacco: Final Exam Review
Note: cigar tobacco varietals are considered DARK while pipe and cigarette tobaccos are LIGHT tobacco varietals.
The 3 main pipe tobacco varietal families are Burley, Oriental, and Virginia; Cavendish, Perique, and Latakia are types of pipe tobaccos.
Typically, Burleys are air-cured, Orientals are sun-cured, and Virginia pipe tobaccos are flue-cured. Flue-cured tobaccos are exposed to contained heat and used primarily for pipe and cigarette tobaccos.
Virginia varietal tobaccos are a light tobacco which are very high in sugar content. They are typically flue-cured and used for both cigarettes and pipe tobaccos.
Oriental varietal tobacco plants have small leaves which are very aromatic. Their aroma resembles cigar tobaccos more than any other plants.
Cavendish type pipe tobaccos are made from both Virginia and Burley varietals. They are steamed with sugar and/or flavorings in the water, stored under pressure (pressed), and available in a variety of shades/colors.
Perique type pipe tobaccos are an air-cured Burley varietal that are fermented in oak barrels; this process helps give Perique tobaccos their bold flavor and unique spice.
Latakia type pipe tobaccos are Oriental tobacco varietals which are sun-cured then fire-cured with aromatic woods; this process produces its characteristically rich and spicy aromas and flavor.
The primary pipe tobacco Cuts are Cube, Flake, Plug, Ribbon, and Shag. Flake and Plug cuts need to be rubbed out for smoking.